【New coronavirus popular science knowledge one】 Personal preventive measures against pneumonia caused by new coronavirus



Recently, the situation of prevention and control of new coronavirus pneumonia is grim. Medical personnel from all over the country are supporting Wuhan. The people of the whole country are fighting against the epidemic to support Wuhan. Wuhan compatriots are in the hearts of countless people. Do our best to control, then we now look at the personal preventive measures for pneumonia caused by new coronavirus infection.

First, what are the routes of transmission of the new coronavirus?

The main modes of transmission are direct transmission (droplet transmission, droplets generated when a patient sneezes, coughs, and speaks, exhaled gas is closely touched and inhaled directly, causing infection) and contact transmission (droplets are deposited on the surface of the item After contact with contaminated hands, contact the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, eyes, etc. to cause infection).

Second, in the face of the epidemic, how to do personal protection?

How to do personal protection?

1 Coronavirus is mainly spread by droplets. N95 or KN95 masks can also be used to wear medical surgical masks correctly.

2 When sneezing or coughing, do not cover directly with your hands.

3 Wash your hands correctly and in time.

4Improve immunity, try to avoid crowded and closed places as little as possible.

5 Strengthen exercise, work regularly, improve your immunity.

3. What should be paid attention to in the prevention of new coronavirus infection?

It is recommended to carry out food matching in accordance with the "Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents" in daily diet, and pay attention to maintaining a reasonable diet structure to ensure balanced nutrition. Pay attention to the diversity of foods, mix the thickness and proper meat, eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, add vitamins and cellulose, and drink more water. Do n’t believe that home remedies and diet can treat new coronavirus infections. If suspicious symptoms are found, they should be protected and go to a regular hospital.

Fourth, how to choose a mask? How to wear a mask correctly?

Not recommended: paper masks, cotton masks, activated carbon masks, sponge masks have little effect on preventing new coronavirus

It is recommended to use disposable medical surgical masks (the medical packaging is clearly marked on the outer packaging), and N95 or KN95 masks can also be used. It can better prevent the spread of droplets caused by patients, and its filtration efficiency can reach 95%.

5. When should I wash my hands? What is the standard for correct hand washing?

Hand washing scenes: after coughing and sneezing, after nursing a patient, before and after preparing food, before eating, after going to the toilet, after touching an animal, or after handling feces. In the epidemic season of new coronaviruses, wash your hands after going home, especially when you have been on public transportation and have been to public places.

Wash your hands correctly: Seven-character tips for washing your hands: inside, outside, clip, bow, big, stand, wrist. When there is obvious dirt, wash hands with soap and running water; if the dirt is not visible, wash hands with soap and running water, and use a no-clean hand sanitizer containing alcohol.

Note: Be sure to avoid dirty hands touching the mouth, eyes and nose

6, how to do a good job of home hygiene cleaning?

Doing a good job in family sanitation and hygiene is an important part of preventing infectious diseases. Everyone should actively carry out the "moving style" home hygiene sweep, clean up the home environment in a timely manner, abandon uncivilized behaviors such as littering, littering, and vomiting; maintain basic hand and respiratory hygiene, adhere to healthy and safe eating habits, diligent ventilation, and Indoor air flow; do a good job of sorting garbage, do not raise poultry illegally, and keep the living environment clean and hygienic.

7. What protective measures do the elderly, children and other frail people have?

The elderly are susceptible to the new coronavirus. During the epidemic, people should avoid entering and leaving crowded public places and reduce unnecessary social activities. They should wear masks, wash their hands frequently, and strengthen the cleaning and disinfection of the home environment Maintain indoor air circulation. Although there are not many cases of children, they are still the key people in great need of protection. While washing hands frequently, traveling less, wearing masks, and more ventilation, relatives and friends should also be told to avoid close contact with children, especially infants and young children, such as kissing, Amused and so on.

To fight the disease, the camel ultrasound is ready, and the contact information of the sales staff in each region is attached:

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